Thorndike’s Operant Conditioning Theory : Download DSSSB PRT Study Notes

DSSSB PRT Study Notes: Delhi Subordinate Staff Selection Board (DSSSB) is going to conduct the most prestigious exam in the field of government teaching jobs this year 2021. As DSSSB released more than 12000 teaching vacancies i.e. TGT, PRT post, students had already started preparing hard for this exam. Teaching Aptitude & methodology is a big topic for the DSSSB PRT exam which contains 100 questions for 100 marks. This topic contains teaching strategy, teaching methodology, learning principles, application-based questions and classroom management, etc. Here we are going to learn with Teaching Study notes for better preparation.

Are You Preparing For DSSSB Exam? Grab This Opportunity NowENROLL NOW

Thorndike’s Operant Conditioning Theory

Operant or instrumental conditioning is a form of learning in which the consequences of behaviour lead to changes in the probability that the behaviour will occur. Thondike (1874 – 1949) was the pioneer in studying this kind of learning. His famous formulation of Law of  Effect lies at the heart of the operant conditioning. The Law of Effect states that:

“Behavior that brings about a satisfying effect (reinforcement) is apt to be performed again, whereas behavior that brings about negative effect (punishment) is apt to be suppressed.”

                                                                                                                                       (Morris & Maisto, 2001)

FREE STUDY Material FOR DSSSB TGT PRT Exam

Types of Reinforcement and Punishment

Reinforcement is a consequence that increases the probability that a behaviour will occur. On the other hand, punishment is a consequence that decreases the probability a behaviour will occur. Put it another way, reinforcement will strengthen a behaviour while punishment will weaken a behaviour. There are 2 forms of reinforcement and punishment as shown in figure.

Take note that when something is added or presented, the process of learning is called positive and when something is removed or taken away, the process of learning is called negative.

DSSSB Study Plan 2021: Study Material For DSSSB TGT & PRT Exam

Forms of Reinforcement and Punishment

Form of consequence Description Example
Positive reinforcement Receiving something pleasant will increase behaviour occurrences. A student is praised for asking question. Subsequently, the student asks more questions.
Negative reinforcement Removing something unpleasant will increase behaviour occurrences.

A son who is tired of hearing his father’s nagging will does his homework. He does the homework to remove the nagging (Santrock, 2008).

Positive Punishment Receiving something unpleasant will decrease behaviour occurrences. If a teacher frowned when his student asked a question, the student would be less likely to ask question again.
Negative Punishment Removing something pleasant will decrease behaviour occurrences. A misbehaving student is removed from the class.

Practice Teaching Methodology Quiz with DSSSB Study Plan

Schedule of Reinforcement

Reinforces are more effective when they are given as soon as possible after a student performs the target behaviour. In continuous reinforcement like this, a student learns very rapidly but when the reinforcement stops, the behaviour decreases rapidly too. Therefore, the schedule of reinforcement was developed. The schedule will determine when a behaviour will be reinforced. There are 4 types of schedule of reinforcement, they are fixed – ratio schedule, variable – ratio schedule fixed, fixed – interval schedule, and variable – internal schedule.

Fixed – ratio schedule
  • ·       A behavior is reinforced after a set number of responses have occurred.
  • ·       For example: A student may be given a bar of Kit Kat chocolate for every ten mathematical problems solved.
Variable – ratio schedule fixed
  • ·       On a variable – ratio schedule, the number of responses needed to gain the reinforcement is not constant.
  • ·       For example: Rewards could be given after 3, 5, 9, and 15 mathematical problems solved.
  • ·       On a fixed – ratio schedule, a behavior is reinforced after a set number of responses have occurred.
  • ·       For example: A student may be given a bar of Kit Kat chocolate for every ten mathematical problems solved.
Fixed – interval schedule
  • ·       A behavior will be reinforced after a certain period of time. No matter how often it occurs, the behavior will not be reinforced until the time is up.
  • ·       For example: Students are given a quiz every Wednesday.
Variable – internal schedule
  • ·       Also based on time passing but the time period keep changing.
  • ·       For example: Students are given pop quizzes.

DSSSB Teaching Aptitude Study Notes PDF In English

DSSSB Teaching Aptitude Study Notes PDF In Hindi

DSSSB PRT Study Notes

×

Download success!

Thanks for downloading the guide. For similar guides, free study material, quizzes, videos and job alerts you can download the Adda247 app from play store.

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Login

OR

Forgot Password?

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Sign Up

OR
Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Forgot Password

Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you an OTP to verify it's you.


Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Enter OTP

Please enter the OTP sent to
/6


Did not recive OTP?

Resend in 60s

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Change Password



Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Almost there

Please enter your phone no. to proceed
+91

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Enter OTP

Please enter the OTP sent to Edit Number


Did not recive OTP?

Resend 60

By skipping this step you will not recieve any free content avalaible on adda247, also you will miss onto notification and job alerts

Are you sure you want to skip this step?

By skipping this step you will not recieve any free content avalaible on adda247, also you will miss onto notification and job alerts

Are you sure you want to skip this step?