Synonyms And Antonyms – Download English Grammar Study Notes FREE PDF for REET Exam

English Study Notes Free PDF

In many teaching exams including REET 2020, MPTET 2020 STET 2020 etc. English may be an interesting subject having and 15 questions of English content and 15 questions of English Pedagogy in each paper of CTET and other State TET Exams. 

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SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS

1. FARE (verb) सफल रहना
meaning: perform in a specified way in a particular situation or over a particular period.
Synonyms: Precede progress, manage, and cope.
Antonyms: cease, regress, suppress, retard.
Usage: We’ll also give you exclusive analysis of how each team fared over the weekend.

2. ADJUDICATION (noun) न्यायिक निर्णय
meaning: a formal judgment on a disputed matter.
Synonyms: arbitration, decision, assessment, verdict.
Antonyms: incomprehension, indecision, enigma, amnesty.
Usage: Articles 5 and 6 both deal with the promptness with which adjudication must proceed against criminal defendants.

3. DOWNRIGHT (adjective) सर्वथा
meaning: (of something bad or unpleasant) utter; complete (used for emphasis).
Synonyms: total, absolute, thorough, perfect, sheer.
Antonyms: inadequate, incomplete, insufficient, and unfinished.
Usage: It was downright bad marking that allowed Dermot Shields head past Larkin from six yards for the lead goal.

4. ACQUITTAL (noun) रिहाई
meaning: a judgment or verdict that a person is not guilty of the crime with which they have been charged.
Synonyms: absolution, exoneration, exculpation, liberation.
Antonyms: conviction, accusation, incrimination, indictment.
Usage: Now the choice is go to trial on a felony assault charge and hope for an acquittal or plead guilty to a misdemeanor.

5. REMIT (verb) छोड़ना
meaning: cancel or refrain from exacting or inflicting (a debt or punishment).
Synonyms: revoke, repeal, rescind, abrogate.
Antonyms: heed, mark, note, object.
Usage: The judge refused to remit the young man’s cavalier disregard for his pile of unpaid speeding tickets.

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6. ACUMEN (noun) कुशाग्रता
meaning: the ability to make good judgments and take quick decisions.
Synonyms: shrewdness, acuity, cleverness, smartness.
Antonyms: guilelessness, ingenuousness, artlessness, fatuity.
Usage: But generally I prefer policies that demonstrate a scintilla of common sense and financial acumen.

7. CONDIGN (adjective) अनुरूप
meaning: (of punishment or retribution) appropriate to the crime or wrongdoing; fitting and deserved.
Synonyms: earned, merited, warranted, and justifiable.
Antonyms: unjust, undue, unsuitable, and unfair.
Usage: I may pity him, and even understand his motives, but a murderer is still deserving of condign punishment.

8. PERSUASION (noun) अनुनय
meaning: a belief or set of beliefs, especially religious or political ones.
Synonyms: opinion, conviction, faith, view.
Antonyms: dissuasion, distrust, constraint, disbelief.
Usage: Political leaders and women of all political persuasions are expected to attend the commemorations.

9. EXEMPTION (noun) मुक्ति
meaning: the action of freeing or state of being free from an obligation or liability imposed on others.
Synonyms: indemnity, exclusion, freedom, relief.
Antonyms: liability, accountability, obligation, responsibility.
Usage: If they get exemption from rent control law, their income would increase several times.

10. PLAUDIT (noun) प्रशंसा
meaning: an expression of praise or approval.
Synonyms: acclamation, commendation, encomiums, accolades.
Antonyms: condemnation, criticism, vilification, admonition.
Usage: The film smoothly rides on its success, earning the plaudit of being one of the highest-ever grosser in the Malayalam film industry.

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11. LANGUISH: दुर्बल
meaning: to exist in an unpleasant or unwanted situation, often for a long time
Synonyms: dwindle, faint
Antonyms: build, develop
Usage: After languishing in obscurity for many years, her early novels have recently been rediscovered.

12. PUMMEL: कूटना
meaning: to defeat someone easily at a sport
Synonyms: bash, batter
Antonyms: compliment, fail
Usage: The boxer had pummeled his opponent into submission by the end of the fourth round.

13. ARCTIC: उत्तरी ध्रुवी
meaning: extremely cold
Synonyms: cold, freezing
Antonyms: hot, torrid
Example: Arctic air stung New England with freezing temperatures.

14. SCALDING: गरम
meaning: If a liquid is scalding, it is extremely hot
Synonyms: blazing, blistering
Antonyms: cold, cool
Usage: Against her will, hot scalding tears burst from her eyes and down her cheeks.

15. ABOMINATE: घृणा करना
Meaning: to hate something very much
Synonyms: abhor, despise
Antonyms: admire, approve
Usage: Eventually one has to bring people together and sit down with those whose records one abominates.

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16. DOWNGRADE (Verb) अधोगति
Meaning: reduce to a lower grade, rank, or level of importance.
Synonyms: decline, declivity, descent, dip, hill, inclination
Antonyms: ascent, improvement, increase, rise
Usage: His career has been on the downgrade.

17. STRINGENT (adjective) कड़ी से कड़ी
Meaning: not allowing for any exceptions or loosening of standards
Synonyms: brassbound, cast-iron, exacting, hard-line, inflexible, rigid, rigorous,
Antonyms: flexible, lax, loose, relaxed, slack
Usage: There are stringent rules against unauthorized persons being in our building

18. EGALITARIAN (Noun): समानाधिकारवादी
Meaning: one who advocates or practices social equality.
Synonyms: democrat, leveler
Antonyms: snob, snoot
Usage: As egalitarians, some people have always promoted policies for equal pay.

19. SOJOURN (noun) विराम
Meaning: a temporary stay at one place, esp. while traveling.
Synonyms: stay, tarry, visit, stopover.
Antonyms: journey, migration, departure, advance.
Usage: During Dean’s sojourn in Paris, he spent two weeks visiting all of the city’s cultural attractions.

20. INCUR (verb) झेलना
Meaning: become subject to (something unwelcome or unpleasant) as a result of one’s own behavior or actions.
Synonyms: provoke, earn, arouse, induce.
Antonyms: avoid, shun, elude, evade.
Usage: The surgery wasn’t what scared the sick man; it was all of the medical bills he would incur from the procedure.

21. XENOPHOBIC (adjective) अज्ञातजन भीति/ विदेशी द्वेश
Meaning: having or showing a dislike of or prejudice against people from other countries.
Synonyms: racist, racialist, ethnocentric, ethnocentrist.
Antonyms: bountiful, permissive, thoughtful, lenient.
Usage: As a result, the new parliament is distinctly more xenophobic and illiberal than its predecessor.

22. APARTHEID (noun) रंगभेद
Meaning: a policy or system of segregation or discrimination on grounds of race.
Synonyms:  prejudice, bias, bigotry, favoritism.
Antonyms: anti-discrimination, anti-racism, anti-segregation, assimilationism.
Usage: Incredibly, a decade after the end of apartheid this system still exists.

23. VEST (verb) निहित होना
Meaning: confer or bestow (power, authority, property, etc.) on someone.
Synonyms: entrust, invest, bestow, confer.
Antonyms: impede, inhibit, disqualify, disbar.
Usage: Extensive powers were vested into the hands of the President who headed the executive branch of government.

24. BLATANT (adjective) प्रबल
Meaning: (of bad behavior) done openly and unashamedly.
Synonyms: flagrant, glaring, undisguised, overt.
Antonyms: imperceptible, inconspicuous, unnoticeable, unobtrusive.
Usage: To credit the newspaper, they did retract the quote once it was exposed as a blatant lie.

25. MURKY (Adjective) धुंधला
Meaning: dark and dirty or difficult to see through
Synonyms: cloudy, dark
Antonyms: bright, luminous
Example: The river was brown and murky after the storm.

26. Manifestations (Noun) अभिव्यक्तियों
Meaning: the action or fact of showing something.
Synonym: display, demonstration
Antonym: ambiguous, clouded,

27. Disorientation (Noun) भटकाव
Meaning: the condition of having lost one’s sense of direction.
Synonym: addle, baffle
Antonym: reassure, satisfy

28. Convulsion (Noun) ऐंठन
Meaning: a violent social or political upheaval.
Synonym: upheaval, eruption
Antonym: calm, peaceful

29. Delirium (Noun) प्रलाप
Meaning: wild excitement or ecstasy.
Synonym: ecstasy, rapture
Antonym: lucidity, coherence

30. Dysfunction (Noun) रोग
Meaning: disruption of normal social relations.
Synonym: Impaired
Antonym: Unimpaired, fit

31.LOUSY(adjective)घटिया
Meaning: very bad
Synonyms: awful, horrible
Antonyms: good, great

32.GUSSY(verb) सुशोभित
Meaning: to make someone or something look more attractive or impressive
Synonyms: adorn, beautify
Antonyms: deface, spoil

33.COGNIZANCE(noun) हस्तक्षेप, संज्ञान
Meaning: To take notice of and consider something, especially when judging
Synonyms: Awareness, Familiarity
Antonyms: Unfamiliar, Ignorance

34.AGGRIEVE(adjective)पीड़ा देना
Meaning: To make someone unhappy and angry
Synonyms: Offend, Hurt
Antonyms: Please, Praise

35.TRUSS(noun)बांधना
Meaning: to secure tightly
Synonyms: bind, band
Antonyms: unbind, untie

36.VOLITANT(adjective)तेजी से उड़ना
Meaning: flying or moving about rapidly
Synonyms: floating, soaring
Antonyms: slow, grounded

37.PLUNK(verb)लापरवाही से नीचे रखना
Meaning: to put something down heavily and carelessly
Synonyms: drop, dump
Antonyms: glob, incline

38. PANDER (verb) बढ़ावा देना
Meaning: gratify or indulge (an immoral or distasteful desire or taste or a person with such a desire or taste)
Synonyms: indulge, gratify, satisfy, yield.
Antonyms: dissatisfy, deny, refuse, disturb.

39. BRACE (verb) सहारा देना
Meaning: prepare (someone) for something difficult or unpleasant.
Synonyms: nerve, gird, strengthen, fortify.
Antonyms: dampen, deaden, drain, debilitate.

40. SMUG (adjective): आत्मसंतुष्ट
Meaning: having or showing an excessive pride in oneself or one’s achievements.
Synonyms: bighead, complacency, egotism, vainglory.
Antonyms: diffidence, bashfulness, demureness, shyness.

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