Synonyms And Antonyms – English Notes for CTET 2020: FREE PDF

English  Study Notes Free PDF

SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS

1. FARE (verb) सफल रहना
meaning: perform in a specified way in a particular situation or over a particular period.
Synonyms: Precede progress, manage, and cope.
Antonyms: cease, regress, suppress, retard.
Usage: We’ll also give you exclusive analysis of how each team fared over the weekend.

2. ADJUDICATION (noun) न्यायिक निर्णय
meaning: a formal judgment on a disputed matter.
Synonyms: arbitration, decision, assessment, verdict.
Antonyms: incomprehension, indecision, enigma, amnesty.
Usage: Articles 5 and 6 both deal with the promptness with which adjudication must proceed against criminal defendants.

3. DOWNRIGHT (adjective) सर्वथा
meaning: (of something bad or unpleasant) utter; complete (used for emphasis).
Synonyms: total, absolute, thorough, perfect, sheer.
Antonyms: inadequate, incomplete, insufficient, and unfinished.
Usage: It was downright bad marking that allowed Dermot Shields head past Larkin from six yards for the lead goal.

4. ACQUITTAL (noun) रिहाई
meaning: a judgment or verdict that a person is not guilty of the crime with which they have been charged.
Synonyms: absolution, exoneration, exculpation, liberation.
Antonyms: conviction, accusation, incrimination, indictment.
Usage: Now the choice is go to trial on a felony assault charge and hope for an acquittal or plead guilty to a misdemeanor.

5. REMIT (verb) छोड़ना
meaning: cancel or refrain from exacting or inflicting (a debt or punishment).
Synonyms: revoke, repeal, rescind, abrogate.
Antonyms: heed, mark, note, object.
Usage: The judge refused to remit the young man’s cavalier disregard for his pile of unpaid speeding tickets.

6. ACUMEN (noun) कुशाग्रता
meaning: the ability to make good judgments and take quick decisions.
Synonyms: shrewdness, acuity, cleverness, smartness.
Antonyms: guilelessness, ingenuousness, artlessness, fatuity.
Usage: But generally I prefer policies that demonstrate a scintilla of common sense and financial acumen.

7. CONDIGN (adjective) अनुरूप
meaning: (of punishment or retribution) appropriate to the crime or wrongdoing; fitting and deserved.
Synonyms: earned, merited, warranted, and justifiable.
Antonyms: unjust, undue, unsuitable, and unfair.
Usage: I may pity him, and even understand his motives, but a murderer is still deserving of condign punishment.

8. PERSUASION (noun) अनुनय
meaning: a belief or set of beliefs, especially religious or political ones.
Synonyms: opinion, conviction, faith, view.
Antonyms: dissuasion, distrust, constraint, disbelief.
Usage: Political leaders and women of all political persuasions are expected to attend the commemorations.

9. EXEMPTION (noun) मुक्ति
meaning: the action of freeing or state of being free from an obligation or liability imposed on others.
Synonyms: indemnity, exclusion, freedom, relief.
Antonyms: liability, accountability, obligation, responsibility.
Usage: If they get exemption from rent control law, their income would increase several times.

10. PLAUDIT (noun) प्रशंसा
meaning: an expression of praise or approval.
Synonyms: acclamation, commendation, encomiums, accolades.
Antonyms: condemnation, criticism, vilification, admonition.
Usage: The film smoothly rides on its success, earning the plaudit of being one of the highest-ever grosser in the Malayalam film industry.

11. LANGUISH: दुर्बल
meaning: to exist in an unpleasant or unwanted situation, often for a long time
Synonyms: dwindle, faint
Antonyms: build, develop
Usage: After languishing in obscurity for many years, her early novels have recently been rediscovered.

12. PUMMEL: कूटना
meaning: to defeat someone easily at a sport
Synonyms: bash, batter
Antonyms: compliment, fail
Usage: The boxer had pummeled his opponent into submission by the end of the fourth round.

13. ARCTIC: उत्तरी ध्रुवी
meaning: extremely cold
Synonyms: cold, freezing
Antonyms: hot, torrid
Example: Arctic air stung New England with freezing temperatures.

14. SCALDING: गरम
meaning: If a liquid is scalding, it is extremely hot
Synonyms: blazing, blistering
Antonyms: cold, cool
Usage: Against her will, hot scalding tears burst from her eyes and down her cheeks.

15. ABOMINATE: घृणा करना
Meaning: to hate something very much
Synonyms: abhor, despise
Antonyms: admire, approve
Usage: Eventually one has to bring people together and sit down with those whose records one abominates.

16. DOWNGRADE (Verb) अधोगति
Meaning: reduce to a lower grade, rank, or level of importance.
Synonyms: decline, declivity, descent, dip, hill, inclination
Antonyms: ascent, improvement, increase, rise
Usage: His career has been on the downgrade.

17. STRINGENT (adjective) कड़ी से कड़ी
Meaning: not allowing for any exceptions or loosening of standards
Synonyms: brassbound, cast-iron, exacting, hard-line, inflexible, rigid, rigorous,
Antonyms: flexible, lax, loose, relaxed, slack
Usage: There are stringent rules against unauthorized persons being in our building

18. EGALITARIAN (Noun): समानाधिकारवादी
Meaning: one who advocates or practices social equality.
Synonyms: democrat, leveler
Antonyms: snob, snoot
Usage: As egalitarians, some people have always promoted policies for equal pay.

19. SOJOURN (noun) विराम
Meaning: a temporary stay at one place, esp. while traveling.
Synonyms: stay, tarry, visit, stopover.
Antonyms: journey, migration, departure, advance.
Usage: During Dean’s sojourn in Paris, he spent two weeks visiting all of the city’s cultural attractions.

20. INCUR (verb) झेलना
Meaning: become subject to (something unwelcome or unpleasant) as a result of one’s own behavior or actions.
Synonyms: provoke, earn, arouse, induce.
Antonyms: avoid, shun, elude, evade.
Usage: The surgery wasn’t what scared the sick man; it was all of the medical bills he would incur from the procedure.

21. XENOPHOBIC (adjective) अज्ञातजन भीति/ विदेशी द्वेश
Meaning: having or showing a dislike of or prejudice against people from other countries.
Synonyms: racist, racialist, ethnocentric, ethnocentrist.
Antonyms: bountiful, permissive, thoughtful, lenient.
Usage: As a result, the new parliament is distinctly more xenophobic and illiberal than its predecessor.

22. APARTHEID (noun) रंगभेद
Meaning: a policy or system of segregation or discrimination on grounds of race.
Synonyms:  prejudice, bias, bigotry, favoritism.
Antonyms: anti-discrimination, anti-racism, anti-segregation, assimilationism.
Usage: Incredibly, a decade after the end of apartheid this system still exists.

23. VEST (verb) निहित होना
Meaning: confer or bestow (power, authority, property, etc.) on someone.
Synonyms: entrust, invest, bestow, confer.
Antonyms: impede, inhibit, disqualify, disbar.
Usage: Extensive powers were vested into the hands of the President who headed the executive branch of government.

24. BLATANT (adjective) प्रबल
Meaning: (of bad behavior) done openly and unashamedly.
Synonyms: flagrant, glaring, undisguised, overt.
Antonyms: imperceptible, inconspicuous, unnoticeable, unobtrusive.
Usage: To credit the newspaper, they did retract the quote once it was exposed as a blatant lie.

25. MURKY (Adjective) धुंधला
Meaning: dark and dirty or difficult to see through
Synonyms: cloudy, dark
Antonyms: bright, luminous
Example: The river was brown and murky after the storm.

26. Manifestations (Noun) अभिव्यक्तियों
Meaning: the action or fact of showing something.
Synonym: display, demonstration
Antonym: ambiguous, clouded,

27. Disorientation (Noun) भटकाव
Meaning: the condition of having lost one’s sense of direction.
Synonym: addle, baffle
Antonym: reassure, satisfy

28. Convulsion (Noun) ऐंठन
Meaning: a violent social or political upheaval.
Synonym: upheaval, eruption
Antonym: calm, peaceful

29. Delirium (Noun) प्रलाप
Meaning: wild excitement or ecstasy.
Synonym: ecstasy, rapture
Antonym: lucidity, coherence

30. Dysfunction (Noun) रोग
Meaning: disruption of normal social relations.
Synonym: Impaired
Antonym: Unimpaired, fit

31.LOUSY(adjective)घटिया
Meaning: very bad
Synonyms: awful, horrible
Antonyms: good, great

32.GUSSY(verb) सुशोभित
Meaning: to make someone or something look more attractive or impressive
Synonyms: adorn, beautify
Antonyms: deface, spoil

33.COGNIZANCE(noun) हस्तक्षेप, संज्ञान
Meaning: To take notice of and consider something, especially when judging
Synonyms: Awareness, Familiarity
Antonyms: Unfamiliar, Ignorance

34.AGGRIEVE(adjective)पीड़ा देना
Meaning: To make someone unhappy and angry
Synonyms: Offend, Hurt
Antonyms: Please, Praise

35.TRUSS(noun)बांधना
Meaning: to secure tightly
Synonyms: bind, band
Antonyms: unbind, untie

36.VOLITANT(adjective)तेजी से उड़ना
Meaning: flying or moving about rapidly
Synonyms: floating, soaring
Antonyms: slow, grounded

37.PLUNK(verb)लापरवाही से नीचे रखना
Meaning: to put something down heavily and carelessly
Synonyms: drop, dump
Antonyms: glob, incline

38. PANDER (verb) बढ़ावा देना
Meaning: gratify or indulge (an immoral or distasteful desire or taste or a person with such a desire or taste)
Synonyms: indulge, gratify, satisfy, yield.
Antonyms: dissatisfy, deny, refuse, disturb.

39. BRACE (verb) सहारा देना
Meaning: prepare (someone) for something difficult or unpleasant.
Synonyms: nerve, gird, strengthen, fortify.
Antonyms: dampen, deaden, drain, debilitate.

40. SMUG (adjective): आत्मसंतुष्ट
Meaning: having or showing an excessive pride in oneself or one’s achievements.
Synonyms: bighead, complacency, egotism, vainglory.
Antonyms: diffidence, bashfulness, demureness, shyness.

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