Socio-Religious Movements In India-Social Studies Notes For CTET 2020 : Free PDF

Social Science Notes For CTET

Social Studies is an important section for CTET, MPTET, State TET, and other teaching exams as well. Social studies is the main subject in the CTET exam Paper II. In CTET Exam, the Social Studies section comprises a total 60 questions of 60 marks, in which 40 questions come from the content section i.e.History, Geography and Political Science and the rest 20 questions from Social Studies Pedagogy section.

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At least 12-15 questions are asked from the History section in the CTET Social studies section. Here we are providing important facts related to the Socio- Religious Reforms.

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Socio-Religious Movements in 19th – 20th Centuries

Socio-Religious Movements and Organisations:

Year

 Place Name of Orgnisation

Founder

1815

Calcutta Atmiya Sabha

Raja Ram Mohan Roy

1828

Calcutta Brahmo Samaj

Raja Ram Mohan Roy

1829

Calcutta Dharma Sabha

Radhakant Dev

1839

Calcutta Tattwabodhini Sabha

Debendranath Tagore

1840

Punjab Nirankaris

Dayal Das, Darbara Singh, Rattan Chand etc.

1844

Surat Manav Dharma Sabha

Durgaram Mancharam

1849

Bombay Paramhansa Mandli

Dadoba Pandurang

1857

Punjab Namdharis

Ram Singh

1861

Agra Radha Swami Satsang

Tulsi Ram

1866

Calcutta Brahmo Samaj of India

Keshab Chandra Sen

1866

Deoband Dar – ul – Ulum Maulana Hussain Ahmed

1867

Bombay Prarthna Samaj

Atmaram Pandurang

1875

Bombay Arya Samaj

Swami Dayanand Saraswati

1875

New York (USA) Theosophical Society

Madam H.P. Blavatsky and Col H.S. Olcott

1878

Calcutta Sadharan Brahmo Samaj

Anand Mohan Bose

1884

Pune (Poona) Deccan Education Society

G.G. Agarkar

1886

Aligarh Muhammadan Educational Conference

Syed Ahmad Khan

1887

Bombay Indian National Conference

M.G. Ranade

1887

Lahore Deva Samaj

Shivnarayan Agnihotri

1894

Lucknow Nadwah – ul – Ulama

Maulana Shibli Numani

1897

Belur Ramakrishna Mission

Swami Vivekanand

1905

Bombay Servents of Indian Society

Gopal Krishna Gokhale

1909

Pune (Poona) Poona Seva Sadan

Mrs Ramabai Ranade and G.K. Devadhar

1911

Bombay Social Service League

N.M. Joshi

1914

Allahabad Seva Samiti

H.N. Kunzru

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Important Socio-Religious Reformers

Swami Sahajanand (1781 – 1830):  His original name being Gyanashyama. He founded the Swaminarayan sect in and prescribed a Gujarat, which believed in a theistic God and prescribed moral code for its followers.

Raja Ram Mohan Roy (1772 – 1833): He was Born in 1772 at Radhanagar in Burdwan district (West Bengal). He founded Atmiya Sabha in Calcutta in 1815 to propagate monotheism and reforms in the Hindu society. The Atmiya Sabha was named Brahmo Sabha and finally Brahmo Samaj in 1828. He launched a movement for the abolition of Sati through his journal Sabad Kaumudi in 1819.

Debendranath Tagore (1817 – 1905): He took over the leadership of the Brahmo Samaj after Raja Rammohan Roy. He founded Tattvabodhini Sabha in 1839 and published Tattvabodhini Patrika, a Bengali monthly to propagate the ideas of Raja Rammohan Roy. In 1859, the Tattvabodhini Sabha was amalgamated with the Brahmo Samaj. He compiled selected passages from the Upanishads, which came to be known as Brahma Dharma.

Keshav Chandra Sen (1838 – 1884):  He was the leader of the Brahmo Samaj during the absence of Debendranath Tagore. He started Bamabodhini Patrika, a journal for women. He launched radical reforms, such as giving up of caste names, inter – caste and widow remarriages and launched movement against child marriages. The original Brahmo Samaj came to be known as Adi Brahmo Samaj and the other, the Brahmo Samaj of India which was established by Keshav Chandra Sen in 1866. Sen formed the Indian Reform Association in 1870, which persuaded the British Government to enact the Native Marriage Act of 1872 (popularly known as Civil Marriage Act) legalising the Brahmo marriages and fixing the minimum marriageable age for boys and girls.

Atmaram Pandurang (1823 – 1898):  He founded Prarthana Samaj in 1867 in Bombay. M.G. Ranade joined it in 1870.

Swami Dayanand Saraswati (1824 – 1883): Swami Dayanand Saraswati, originally known as Mula Shankar founded the Arya Samaj in 1875 in Bombay. He wrote Satyartha Prakash in Hindi and Veda – Bhashya Bhumika (partly in Hindi and partly in Sanskrit).

Blavatsky (1831 – 91) and Olcott (1832 – 1907) :  Madam H.P. Blavatsky, a Russian woman and Col. H.S. Olcott, an American, founded the Theosophical Society in New York in 1875, but shifted the headquarter of the Society to Adyar near Madras in 1882.

Swami Vivekanand (1863 – 1902):  Swami Vivekanand (originally Narendranath Dutta) founded the Ramakrishna Mission in 1887 as a social service league which was registered as a Trust in 1897.

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Lower Caste/Caste Movements and Organisations:

Movement / Organisation

Year Place

Founder

Satya Shodhak Samaj

1873 Maharashtra

Jyotiba Phule

Aravippuram Movement

1889 Aravippuram, Kerala

Shri Narayan Guru

Shri Narayan Dharama Paripalana Yogam (S. N. D. P.) Movement

1902 – 03 Kerala

Shri Narayan Guru, Dr. Palpu and Kumaran Asan

The Depressed Class Mission society

1906 Bombay

V.R. Shinde

Bahujan Samaj

1910  Satara, Maharashtra

Mukundrao Patil

Justice (Party) Movement

1915 – 16 Madras, Tamil Nadu

C.N. Mudaliar, T.M. Nair and P. Tyagaraja Chetti

Depressed class Welfare Institute (Bahiskrit Hitkarini Sabha)

1924 Bombay

B. R. Ambedkar

Self – Respect Movement

1925 Madras, Tamil Nadu

E. V. Ramaswami Naiker ‘Periyar’

Harijan sevak sangh

1932 Pune

Mahatma Gandhi


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