Antonyms And Synonyms (Part B) – Download English Grammar Study Notes FREE PDF For REET Exam

English Study Notes Free PDF

In many teaching exams including REET 2020, MPTET 2020 STET 2020 etc. English may be an interesting subject having and 15 questions of English content and 15 questions of English Pedagogy in each paper of CTET and other State TET Exams. 

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ANTONYMS AND SYNONYMS

1. ABANDON (verb) -त्याग देना, छोड़ देना
Meaning: Cease to support or look after (someone).
Synonyms: Desert, give up, abdicate, discard, relinquish, isolate.
Antonyms: Carry on, continue, retain
Usage: We found a cat that had been abandoned by its owners when they moved away.

2. ABASH (verb) -शर्मिंदा करना
Meaning: Make (someone) feel embarrassed
Synonyms: Discourage, confound, embarrass, discompose.
Antonyms: Encourage, uphold, embolden, hearten.
Usage: Though he claims he didn’t mean to abash his brother, the man has a long history of embarrassing him in public.

3. ABJECT (adjective) -अधम
Meaning: It is a kind of depressed feeling, a bleak and heavyhearted state of mind.
Synonyms: Shameful, miserable, degraded, ignoble, mean
Antonyms: Noble, dignified, honorable, prosperous
Usage: How pertinent it is to see the biggest stars reach such truly abject lows.

4. ACCEDE (verb) -स्वीकार करना
Meaning: Agree to a demand, request, or treaty.
Synonyms: Assent, concede, accept, approval
Antonyms: Refuse, reject, disagree, deny, refute
Usage: The authorities did not accede to the strikers’ demands.

5. ABHOR (verb) -घ्रणा करना
Meaning: Regard with disgust and hatred.
Synonyms: Detest, hate, loathe, abominate, aversion
Antonyms: Love, like, enjoy, admire
Usage: People who seek peace abhor violence.

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6. BAFFLE (verb) -चकरा देना
Meaning: Totally bewilder or perplex.
Synonyms: Frustrate, perplex
Antonyms: Compose, facilitate
Usage: I’m baffled and I don’t travel well in the state of confusion.

7. BENEVOLENCE (noun) -कृपा
Meaning: The quality of being well meaning; kindness.
Synonyms: Humanity, generosity
Antonyms: Malevolence, inhumanity
Usage: Gentleness, equanimity and benevolence were native to him.

8. BEWITCHING (adjective) -मोहित करनेवाला
Meaning: Enchanting or delightful.
Synonyms: Magical, fascinating
Antonyms: Repulsive, repugnant
Usage: The wicked fairy bewitched the princess and made her fall into a long sleep.

9. BUSTLE (verb) -हलचल
Meaning: Move in an energetic and busy manner.
Synonyms: Haste, flurry
Antonyms: Slowness, quiet
Usage: We left the bustle of central China as we drove west into the central Asian steppes.

10. CHASTE (adjective) -पवित्र
Meaning: Without unnecessary ornamentation; simple or restrained.
Synonyms: Virtuous, pure
Antonyms: Sullied, lustful
Usage: What is required of celibate Catholic clergy is to remain chaste.

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11. CHASTISE (verb) -दंड देना
Meaning: Rebuke or reprimand severely.
Synonyms: Punish, admonish
Antonyms: Cheer, encourage
Usage: He looked up at her, obviously afraid she would further chastise him.

12. COMPASSION (noun) -दया
Meaning: Sympathetic pity and concern for the sufferings or misfortunes of others.
Synonyms: Kindness, sympathy
Antonyms: Cruelty, barbarity
Usage: I feel more compassion and less anger than I used to.

13. DECIPHER (verb) -गूढ़लिपि पढ़ना
Meaning: Succeed in understanding, interpreting, or identifying (something).
Synonyms: Interpret, reveal
Antonyms: Misinterpret, distort
Usage: In the meantime, he’d learn to use the compass better and decipher the symbols.

14. DEFRAY (verb) – चुकाना
Meaning: Provide money to pay (a cost or expense).
Synonyms: Spend, pay
Antonyms: Disclaim, repudiate
Usage: Manual labor was adopted at first as a means for students to defray their college expenses.

15. ECSTASY (noun) -परमानंद
Meaning: An overwhelming feeling of great happiness or joyful excitement.
Synonyms: Delight, exultation
Antonyms: Despair, calamity, depression
Usage: My father was in ecstasy when I won my scholarship.

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16. ENCUMBRANCE (noun) -भार
Meaning: An impediment or burden.
Synonyms: Hindrance, obstacle
Antonyms: Incentive, stimulant
Usage: An encumbrance is a claim against a property by a party that is not the owner.

17. EQUIVOCAL (adjective) -गोलमोल
Meaning: Open to more than one interpretation; ambiguous.
Synonyms: Uncertain, hazy
Antonyms: Obvious, lucid
Usage: The equivocal tone of the new speech from the Throne raised a storm of protest in the Chambers and the country.

18. FLEETING (adjective) -क्षणभंगुर
Meaning: Lasting for a very short time.
Synonyms: Transient, temporary
Antonyms: Enduring, eternal
Usage: We only had a fleeting glimpse of the sun all day.

19. FORSAKE (verb) -त्यागना
Meaning: Abandon or leave.
Synonyms: Desert, renounce
Antonyms: Hold, keep, stay with
Usage: Jamuna has decided to forsake her participation in basketball until she improves her grades.

20. GLUT (noun) -भरमार
Meaning: An excessively abundant supply of something.
Synonyms: Stuff, satiate
Antonyms: Starve, abstain
Usage: The decline is blamed mostly on a global glut of cotton.

21. GRISLY (adjective) -भयानक
Meaning: Causing horror or disgust.
Synonyms: Disgusting, atrocious
Antonyms: Pleasing, attractive
Usage: Lydia staggered to her feet and joined them, leaving the grisly sight behind.

22. GUILE (noun) -छल
Meaning: Sly or cunning intelligence.
Synonyms: Cunning, deceit
Antonyms: Honesty, frankness
Usage: With a little guile she might get what she wanted.

23. HARASS (verb) -परेशान
Meaning: Subject to aggressive pressure or intimidation.
Synonyms: Irritate, molest
Antonyms: Assist, comfort
Usage: He claims that he is being unfairly harassed by the police.

24. HAUGHT (adjective) -अभिमानी
Meaning: High; elevated; haughty; proud.
Synonyms: Arrogant, pompous
Antonyms: Humble, submissive
Usage: They described the natives as very proud and haughty.

25. HERETIC (noun) -विधर्मी
Meaning: A person believing in or practicing religious heresy.
Synonyms: Non-conformist, secularist
Antonyms: Conformable, religious
Usage: He was considered a heretic and was ridiculed and ostracized for his ideas.

26. IMMACULATE (adjective) -शुद्ध
Meaning: Perfectly clean, neat, or tidy.
Synonyms: Unsullied, spotless
Antonyms: Defiled, tarnished
Usage: Tinu’s mom always sent him to school looking immaculate in ironed clothing and tidy shoes.

27. JEJUNE (adjective) -बेसूद
Meaning: Naive, simplistic, and superficial.
Synonyms: Dull, boring
Antonyms: Interesting, exciting
Usage: There is now and then an energetic phrase, but as a whole the vocabulary is jejune; the sentences are overloaded; the pitch is flat.

28. JOVIAL (adjective) -उल्लासपूर्ण
Meaning: Cheerful and friendly.
Synonyms: Frolicsome, cheerful
Antonyms: Solemn, morose
Usage: She had no idea what made him angry one minute and jovial the next.

29. KNAVE (noun) -धूर्त
Meaning: A dishonest or unscrupulous man.
Synonyms: Dishonest, scoundrel
Antonyms: Paragon, innocent
Usage: After the knave stole the king’s crown, he was arrested and placed in the dungeon.

30. KINDRED (noun) -आत्मीय
Meaning: One’s family and relations.
Synonyms: Relation, species, connections
Antonyms: Unrelated, dissimilar
Usage: Two people who have a lot in common and who share a lot of interests are an example of people who would be described as kindred spirits.

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