States and Capitals of India:India is the 7th largest country in the world and also the 2nd most populous country. India has a total of 28 states and 8 Union Territories, it forms a union of states in India. India is a country that lies in South Asia. It is officially known as the Republic of India. Each state of India has an administrative, legislative and judicial capital, in fact, in some state, all three functions are conducted in one capital. Every state is ruled by a separate Chief Minister. India is a union of states and in the states, the Governor, as the representative of the President, is the head of Executive. This article talks about the list of States and Capitals of India with the founded year.
States and Capitals of India 2020
How many states are there in India?
How many states are in India? This question may be asked in any examination. Many people don’t have any idea about the total number of States / Union Territories in India and their capitals. In this article, we are providing you with the latest information about the number of States and Union Territories in India. As we all know that, each state has its own chief ministers formulating the policies required to run the state. As of September 2020, there are total of 28 states in India and 8 Union Territories. Union Territories(UT’s) are administered by the President of India through the administrators that are appointed. Hon’ble President of India is the constitutional head of Executive of the Union.
What is a State?
Each state has its own chief ministers formulating the policies required to run the state.Each state of India has an administrative, legislative and judicial capital, in fact, in some state, all three functions are conducted in one capital.All functions of the state are managed by the State Government such as security, education, healthcare, governance etc.
List of States and Capitals of India
Here is the complete list of the Indian States and their capitals that asked in the many govt. examination:
|Sr. No||States||Capital||Foundation Day||Language|
|1||Andhra Pradesh||Hyderabad (Proposed capital: Amaravati)||1 Nov 1956||Telugu and Urdu|
|2.||Arunachal Pradesh||Itanagar||27 Feb 1987||Miji, Apotanji, Merdukpen, Tagin,Adi, Honpa, Bangini-Nishi.|
|3||Assam||Dispur||26 Jan 1950||Assamese|
|4||Bihar||Patna||26 Jan 1950||Hindi|
|5||Chhattisgarh||Raipur||1 Nov 2000||Hindi|
|6||Goa||Panaji||30 May 1987||Marathi and Konkani|
|7||Gujarat||Gandhinagar||1 May 1960||Gujarati|
|8||Haryana||Chandigarh||1 Nov 1966||Hindi|
|9||Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||25 jan 1971||Hindi and Pahari|
|10||Jharkhand||Ranchi||15 nobv 2000||Hindi|
|11||Karnataka||Bangaluru||1 Nov 1956||Kannad|
|12||Kerala||Thiruvananthapuram||1 Nov 1956||Malayalam|
|13||Madhya Pradesh||Bhopal||1 Nov 1956||Hindi|
|14||Maharashtra||Mumbai||1 May 1960||Marathi|
|15||Manipur||Imphal||21 Jan 1972||Manipuri|
|16||Meghalaya||Shillong||21 Jan 1972||Khasi, Jaintia and Garo|
|17||Mizoram||Aizwal||20 Feb 1987||Mizo and English|
|18||Nagaland||Kohima||1 Dec 1963||Ao, Konyak, Angami, Sema and Lotha|
|19||Odisha||Bhubaneswar||26 Jan 1950||Oriya|
|20||Punjab||Chandigarh||1 Nov 1956||Punjabi|
|21||Rajasthan||Jaipur||1 Nov 1956||Rajasthani and Hindi|
|22||Sikkim||Gangtok||16 May 1975||Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali, Lepcha, Limbu|
|23||Tamil Nadu||Chennai||26 Jan 1950||Tamil|
|24||Telangana||Hyderabad||2 June 2014||Telugu|
|25||Tripura||Agartala||21 Jan 1972||Bengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak|
|26||Uttar Pradesh||Lucknow||26 Jan 1950||Hindi|
|9 Nov 2000||Hindi|
|28||West Bengal||Kolkata||1 Nov 1956||Bengali|
What is a Union Territory?
In India, there are two types of Union Territories. These are
- Union territory with legislature : This type of UT has an elected legislature and government. For example Delhi, Puducherry and Jammu & kashmir
- Union territory without legislature : This type of UT is directly controlled by the central government.
The newly formed union territories have been formed under a reorganization act passed by the Parliament on 5-6 August 2020. At present India has 8 Union Territories. There are 8 union territories in India. The UTs have no separate representation in Rajya Sabha expect Delhi and Puducherry.
How many Union Territories are there in India?
There are a total of 8 Union territories in India. Here is the list of Union Territories of India and their capitals:
|Sr. No.||Union Territories||Capital||Foundation Day||Language|
|1||Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Port Blair||1 Nov. 1956||Bangini, Hindi|
|2||Chandigarh||Chandigarh||1 Nov. 1966||Hindi, Punjabi, English|
|3||Dadra and Nagar Haveli||Daman||26 Jan. 2020||Gujarati and Rajasthani|
|4||Delhi||New Delhi||9 May. 1905||Hindi, Punjabi, English|
|5||Jammu and Kashmir||Srinagar(Summer Capital)
Jammu (Winter Capital)
|31 Oct 2019||Kashmiri,Dogri, Urdu, Ladakhi,
Pahari,Punjabi and Dadri
|6||Lakshadweep||Kavaratti||1 Nov. 1956||Malayalam and variant of Divehi language|
|7||Puducherry||Pondicherry||1 Nov. 1954||Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu|
|8||Ladakh||Leh||31 Oct 2019||Bhoti|
Difference Between State and Union Territory
|The state has its own administrative units with their own elected government.||Union Territories are constituent units which are controlled and administered by the Central Government.|
|Executive Head is the Governor||Executive Head is the President|
|The relationship with the Centre is Federal.||Unitary with the Centre. i.e. all the powers rest in the hands of Union.|
|Administered by the Chief Minister and elected by the people.||Administered by the Administrator which is appointed by the President. ( except Delhi, Puducherry and Jammu & Kashmir)|
|Chief Minister is the real head.||Lieutenant is the real head.|
States and Capitals of India FAQs
Q. How many states are there in India in 2020?
Ans. There are total 28 states in India.
Q. How many union territories are there in India?
Ans. There are total 8 Union Territories in India.
Q.Who is the head of Union Territory?
Ans.Lieutenant Governor is the head of the Union Territory.
Q.What is the Capital of India?
Ans.New Delhi is the capital of India.
Q.Which Union territories was merged in January 2020?
Ans.Daman and Diu is merged with Dadar and Nagar Haveli..
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