Meaning: the quality of having or showing great knowledge or learning; scholarship.
Synonyms: learning, scholarship, knowledge, education, culture, intellect, academic attainment, attainments, acquirements, enlightenment, illumination, edification, book learning, insight, information, understanding, sageness, wisdom, sophistication.
Example: The judgment has been hailed for its erudition, for its analytic rigour, and, more than anything else, for placing civil liberties at the heart of our constitutional discourse.
Meaning: the conclusion that can be drawn from something although it is not explicitly stated.
Synonyms: suggestion, inference, insinuation, innuendo, hint, intimation, imputation, indication.
Example: On September 20, the court upheld a ban on a book without so much as considering the implications that such sanctions have on free speech. The order is the latest example in a litany of cases, going back to the court’s inception, which calls into question the commonly held notion of our highest judiciary serving as a custodian of fundamental rights.
Meaning: a conception of or belief about something.
Synonyms: idea, belief, concept, conception, conviction, opinion, view, thought, impression, image.
Example: The order is the latest example in a litany of cases, going back to the court’s inception, which calls into question the commonly held notion of our highest judiciary serving as a custodian of fundamental rights. In cases such as this one, the court doesn’t see rights as trumps, but rather as abstract notions that lie at the state’s whimsical behest.
Meaning: give or grant someone (power, status, or recognition).
Synonyms: give, grant, tender, present, award, hand, vouchsafe, concede, yield, cede.
Example: Here, however, the law is only a part of the problem. The greater issue concerns its interpretation. In a just and tolerant society, one would imagine the courts would accord to rules of this kind the narrowest possible construal, allowing the greatest possible latitude to free expression.
Meaning: as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; allegedly.
Example: In this case, Mahadevi’s book was banned purportedly because she substituted the original words in Lord Basaveshwara’s Vachanas. According to the government, she ought not to have changed the pen name of Basaveshwara from “Kudalasangamadeva” to “Lingadeva,” as such a substitution would inevitably hurt the feelings and sentiments of the “Veerashaiva” community in the State.
Meaning: a confusing and difficult problem or question.
Synonyms: problem, difficult question, vexed question, difficulty, quandary, dilemma. riddle, puzzle, word game, anagram.
Example: First, not only as a major power in the region but also as the largest democracy in the world, there are expectations that India should extend help to the fleeing Rohingya, at least on humanitarian grounds, and contribute to help resolve the conundrum.
Meaning: well meaning and kindly.
Synonyms: kind, kindly, kind-hearted, warm-hearted, tender-hearted, big-hearted, good-natured, good, gracious, tolerant, benign, compassionate, caring, sympathetic, considerate.
Example: India has been historically known to be benevolent to refugees. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, it welcomed thousands of refugees from Myanmar. New Delhi not only provided basic necessities such as food and shelter but also provided refugees the necessary logistics to continue their pro-democratic movement from India.
Meaning: (of a feeling, quality, or sensation) issue or spread out from (a source)., originate from; be produced by., give out or emit (a feeling, quality, or sensation).
Synonyms: emerge, flow, pour, proceed, issue, ensue, come out, come forth, spread out. exude, give off, give out, send out, send forth, pour out, throw out, spread, discharge.
Example: India though is also besieged by terrorism emanating from within its borders, and this needs to be addressed with at least as much urgency as that which Prime Minister Narendra Modi brings to the issue of the external threat to India.
Meaning: equivalent in seriousness to; virtually the same as.
Synonyms: equivalent to, equal to, amounting to, as good as, more or less, synonymous with, virtually the same as, much the same as, comparable to, on a par with, commensurate with, along the lines of, as serious as, identical to
Example: When the government, with which the first point of contact for a farmer is the village office, causes mental agony for the citizen by denying him the opportunity to discharge his obligations, it is tantamount to terrorism.
Meaning: express the meaning of (something written or spoken) using different words, especially to achieve greater clarity.
Synonyms: reword, rephrase, put/express in other words, put/express in one’s own words, express differently, rewrite, rescript, restate, rehash, interpret, gloss
Example: In the seventieth year of India’s Independence, we must recognise that the machinery of government as we know it came into existence to ring-fence plunder by the East India Company. Its association with terrorism, indirectly in the case of the mob lynchings or directly in the case of extortion, is not compatible with freedom. India’s state needs to be governed. To paraphrase our President, we can’t be vigilant enough.