Important Vocabulary For DSSSB Exam: 17th May 2018

Important Vocabulary For Teaching Exam
Dear Readers, we are providing to you Word List from The Newspaper to improve your word power. It will help you to enhance your word power as well as you can understand the correct usage of the word.Your reading habit can make all the difference. If you are not able to read a newspaper for Teaching Exam.We will post important words every day from editorial section.
1.Fractious (adjective)
Meaning: (typically of children) irritable and quarrelsome.
Synonyms: grumpy, grouchy, crotchety, in a (bad) mood, cantankerous, bad-tempered, ill-tempered, ill-natured, ill-humoured, peevish, having got out of bed the wrong side, cross, as cross as two sticks, disagreeable, pettish.
Example: Over the past month, from Cox’s Bazar, in the south-east of Bangladesh, smoke can be seen billowing into the grey sky across the country’s border. Villages, home to the Rohingya community, in the fractious state of Rakhine in western Myanmar, are being mercilessly, horrifically burnt down.
2.Catastrophe (noun)
Meaning: an event causing great and usually sudden damage or suffering; a disaster.
Synonyms: disaster, calamity, cataclysm, crisis, holocaust, ruin, ruination, tragedy, blow, shock.
Example: By any account, the Rohingya are at the centre of a humanitarian catastrophe of terrifying proportions. On Monday, the U.N. human rights chief, Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein, called on Myanmar to put an end to this “brutal security operation”.
3.Repercussion (noun)
Meaning: an unintended consequence of an event or action, especially an unwelcome one.
Synonyms: consequence, result, effect, outcome, by-product.
Example: Repercussions of the violence in Myanmar are now being felt around the globe, particularly in nearby countries; in India, where scores of Rohingya are lodged — reportedly totalling 40,000 — it must come to us as a matter of shame that the state is so much as considering returning the refugees back to the jaws of not merely political persecution but of mind-boggling terror and savagery.
4.Contravention (noun)
Meaning: an action which offends against a law, treaty, or other ruling.
Synonyms: breach, violation, infringement, non-observance, breaking, transgression, neglect, dereliction.
Example: These threats are not only chilling on a humanitarian level, if translated into action, they would also constitute a contravention of India’s obligations under both domestic and international law.
5.Natal (adjective)
Meaning: relating to the place or time of one’s birth.
Example: Several studies suggest that tigers do well in remote and dense forest. But tigers also need new forest to colonise, dispersing from their natal areas as they reach adulthood. Natural history has viewed the tiger to be the epitome of the ‘wild’ animal — doing well in areas with less human disturbance, taking down large prey, keeping a distance from people, and being fiercely territorial of space.
6.Malicious (adjective)
Meaning: characterized by malice; intending or intended to do harm.
Synonyms: spiteful, malevolent, hostile, bitter, venomous, poisonous, evil-intentioned, ill-natured, evil, baleful, vindictive, vengeful, vitriolic, rancorous, malign, malignant, pernicious, mean, nasty, harmful, hurtful, mischievous, destructive, wounding, cruel, unkind, defamatory.
Example: Now, the Karnataka High Court was certainly mindful of Section 295A’s language. For an offence to be committed under the provision, not only must the speech or expression in question insult or attempt to insult the religion or the religious beliefs of a class of citizens, but it must also have been made with the deliberate and malicious intention of outraging such religious feelings. Inexplicably, however, both these conditions, the court found, were met by the book.
7.Plausible (adjective)
Meaning: (of an argument or statement) seeming reasonable or probable.
Synonyms: credible, reasonable, believable, likely, feasible, probable, tenable, possible, conceivable.
Example: It’s certainly plausible that the contents of Basava Vachana Deepthi run counter to Basaveshwara’s Vachanas. It’s also possible that in substituting Basaveshwara’s pen name Mahadevi had violated the original author’s intentions.
8.Malaise (noun)
Meaning: a general feeling of discomfort, illness, or unease whose exact cause is difficult to identify.
Synonyms: unhappiness, restlessness, uneasiness, unease, melancholy, depression, despondency, dejection, disquiet, trouble, anxiety, anguish, angst.
Example: That Mahadevi’s case is not an outlier, but that it typifies the malaise of censorship, that governments in India can ban books with such facile ease, ought to have represented good enough reason to merit the Supreme Court’s intervention.
9.Pernicious (adjective)
Meaning: having a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle way.
Synonyms: harmful, damaging, destructive, injurious, hurtful, detrimental, deleterious, dangerous, adverse, inimical, unhealthy, unfavourable, bad, evil, baleful, wicked, malign, malevolent, malignant.
Example: A ban on a book, howsoever pernicious its contents might be, should, under any circumstances, strike the court as a matter for serious consideration.
10.Conjecture (noun)
Meaning: an opinion or conclusion formed on the basis of incomplete information.
Synonyms: guess, speculation, surmise, fancy, notion, belief, suspicion, presumption, assumption, theory, hypothesis, postulation, supposition.
Example: To hold otherwise, by upholding bans on books on plain conjecture, violates this vision. It allows the apparent intolerance of certain groups to trump an author’s right to free expression.
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