Figure of Speech- Download English Grammar Study Notes FREE PDF

English Study Notes Free PDF

In many teaching exams including CTET 2020, MPTET 2020 STET 2020 etc. English may be an interesting subject having and 30 questions of English content and 30 questions of English Pedagogy in CTET and other State TET Exams. In which English Pedagogy is one of the interesting and scoring topics under the English Language sections of teaching exams.

In this articles, we are providing you few topics of English pedagogy.

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FIGURE OF SPEECH

 

Definition: A figure of speech is speech is a departure from the ordinary form of expression or the ordinary course of ideas in order to produce a greater effect.

TYPES OF FIGURE OF SPEECH:

  1. Antithesis
  • Anti-opposite, Thesis-thoughts or ideas
  • When two words with opposite ideas are joined by conjunction, it will always be
  1. United we stand, divided we fall.
  2. Fools rush in where angels fear to tread.
  3. While targeting the goals of life, he met with triumph and disaster.

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  1. Oxymoron
  • It is deliberate combination of two words that seem to mean the opposite of each other.
  1. My life is an open secret.
  2. She is the wisest fool.
  3. Life is full of aching joys.

 

  1. Simile
  • It is a direct comparison between two different objects, things, etc. using ‘as’, ‘like’, ‘so’.
  1. He is as brave as lion.
  2. The room is as hot as furnace.
  3. Life is as tedious as a twice-told tale.
  1. Metaphor
  • A metaphor is a figure of speech in which two thing are treated as one while comparing them. The words like ‘as’, ‘like’, ‘so’ are not used in metaphor.
  1. He is a lion.
  2. This room is a furnace.
  3. Life is not a bed of roses.
  4. He was a lion in the fight.
  5. Tansen was called the chief jewel.

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  1. Alliteration
  • In this figure of speech ‘a letter’ is repeated.
  • First letter of a word is repeated.
  1. Four fools fell in a fountain.
  2. Over the waiting waves, there is a warning
  3. The black sky was blaring to burn blue.
  1. Repetition
  • In this figure of speech a word, a phrase etc. is repeated.
  1. Two and two make four.
  2. No stir in the air, no stir in the sea.
  3. So little they rose, so little they fell.
  1. Hyperbole
  • Hyper-exaggerate, Bole-say/statement
  • Hyperbole is an over-statement or exaggeration.
  • In hyperbole a statement is made emphatic by overstatement.
  1. She wept an ocean of tears.
  2. Why man, if the river were dry I am able to fill it with tears.

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  1. Euphemism
  • When a sentence expresses an unpleasant event, idea, etc. in less unpleasant manner, it is Euphemism.
  1. He passed away. (dead)
  1. After my departure, I shall always be remembered. (Death)
  1. Onomatopoeia
  • It is a figure of speech in which the sound suggests its sense and meaning. In this figure of speech, sound plays the most important role.
  1. The Aeroplane is zooming in the sky.
  2. The open window shuts with a bang.
  3. It’s time for jingle-tinkle.
  4. The loose house sheet clatter and clang.

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  1. Personification
  • Person-Person
  • Fiction- Non-living/Not real
  1. The roses are smiling and the wind was telling a fairy tale. (Roses have the human activity of smiling and wind has the human action of telling a fairy tale.)
  1. Dancing and whistling, the leaves went. (Dancing and whistling are human activities)
  1. The cloud has a tongue of fire and flame. (Tongue-A part of human body)
  1. Transferred Epithet
  • In this figure of speech human feeling is transferred to non-human or non-living thing or inanimate object.
  1. Devdutta shot a cruel arrow. (Devdutta’s cruelty is transferred to arrow.)
  1. The night was sleepless for him. (His sleeplessness is transferred to the night)

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  1. Apostrophe
  • An apostrophe is a direct address to the dead, to the absent or to a personified object or idea.
  1. O God! Please help me.
  2. O Liberty! What crimes have been committed in your name?
  3. O Life! I shall find you somewhere.
  4. O God! Guide us towards our destination.

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