Things We Make : Download EVS Study Notes Free PDF for REET Exam

EVS Study Notes: Things We Make

The Environment studies is a multi-disciplinary science comprising of various branches of studies like chemistry, physical science, life science, agriculture, health, sanitary engineering etc. Environmental Studies may be an interesting subject having 30 questions in REETMPTET & DSSSB Exams. It is advised is to study the NCERT books from class 1 to 8 of to prepare well for REET Exam. The current article will give few introductory points on Environmental Studies related topic followed by interesting facts of the same.

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THINGS WE MAKE

1. Art and Craft:

In India diverse kinds of culture, arts and craft are found. Each region of the country have some unique and traditional craft to offer.

2. Painting:

The tradition of painting has been carried on the Indian subcontinent since ancient times. Different types of paintings are given below : –

(i) Chitra Kathi Painting: This painting belongs to Maharashtra, through this painting story is depicted. In this painting only natural color is used.
(ii) Kalamkari Painting: This painting belongs to Andhra Pradesh, natural color is used and they are also done on cloth as blocks printing.
(iii) Madhubani Painting: It belongs to state of Bihar. In this painting natural things like leaf, flower, animals, birds and humans are depicted. Natural color is used in painting, color from indigo, turmeric and normal flowers are obtained. A special kind of paste of grinded rice is made to further glorify the painting.
(iv) Pata Painting: It is found in Odisha, natural color from minerals and vegetables are used. Painting is done on the cloth.
(v) Phad Painting: This painting is done on the cloth and belongs to Rajasthan.

3. Traditional Art:

Art is a part of the culture. It is a skill and knowledge which are passed down through generation to generations. Some of the famous traditional art forms are given below :

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Some Traditional Art Forms:

Traditional Art Region or State
Jamdani West Bengal
Pashmina and Shahtoot Jammu and Kashmir
Patola Gujarat
Bandana design Rajasthan and Gujarat
Chikankari Lucknow
Muga Silk Asom
Pocham pally Andhra Pradesh
Perfume industry Kannauj
Shawl Kullu, Himachal Pradesh
Embroidery Jammu and Kashmir

The World Famous Pashmina:

Pashmina shawl is as warm as six Sweaters! It is very thin and warm. The goats from which the soft Pashmina wool is collected are found on very high altitudes of 5000 metres. In winter temperature drops to low as – 40°C. A coat of warm hair grows on the goat’s body which protects it from extreme cold.

The goat shed some of their hair, fur in summer. This hair is so fine that six of these would be as thick as one hair of ours. The fine hair cannot be woven on machines so weavers in Kashmir made these shawls by hands. This is long and difficult process. After almost 250 hours of weaving one plain pashmina shawl is made.

Special Dresses of Different Region of India:

Dress for Women Region/State
Mundum Neriyathum Kerala
Mekhela Chadhar Assam
Salwar Kameez Haryana, Punjab, Western UP, Himachal Pradesh
Phiran Kashmir
Ghagra Choli Rajasthan, Gujarat
Anarkali Salwar Suit North India

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Dress for Men Region/State 
Safa Rajasthan Phiran Kashmir
Dastar Punjab Pheta Maharashtra / Mysore

4. Languages:
There are 22 constitutionally recognized languages in India. English and Hindi languages are widely spoken in our country. Several states in India have their own official languages which are spoken in particular areas. These are as follows

Different Language and Dialects of India:

Language Area/Region Language Area/Region
Hindi Whole North India Punjabi Punjab
Sindhi Panjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat Nepali Uttrakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar
Dongri Jammu and Kashmir Boda Assam
Telgu Andhra Pradesh Maithili Bihar
Odiya Odisha Konkani Goa
Kannada Karnataka Assamese Assam
Manipuri Manipur Kashmir Kashmir
Santhal Jharkhand Marathi Maharashtra
Tamil Tamil Nadu Malayalam Kerala
Kuduk Jharkhand

Braille Script: It is a special way of reading and writing for people who cannot see. It is written on a thick paper by making a row of raised points with a pointed tool. Braille script is based on 6 points and it is read by running the finger on the raised dots. Louis Braille of France invented new script for visually disabled and it is known as Braille script.

5. Tribes:
A tribe is a group of distinct people, dependent on their land for their livelihood, who are largely self – sufficient and not integrated into the national society. They have their own way of living and culture.

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Famous Tribes of India:

Tribe Region / State
Changpa or Champa Ladakh
Gaddi tribe Himachal Pradesh
Bakkarwala tribe Jammu and Kashmir
Tharu Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh
Kharwar tribe

Jaunsari

Bhotia tribe

Uttar Pradesh

Uttarakhand

Uttarakhand

Gond Chhattisgarh
Korwa Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand
Sahavia Madhya Pradesh
Meena Rajasthan
Bhil Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh
Santhal Jharkhand
Munda Jharkhand
Khond

Naga

Garo, Khasi, Janita

Odisha

Nagaland, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh

Meghalaya

Kuki Manipur
Lepcha Sikkim
Toda Tamil Nadu
Jarawa tribe Andaman and Nicobar Island
Worli Maharashtra
Lushai, Cheraw Mizoram

Practice REET Subject wise Quiz

Now Answer The Following Questions:

Q1. Select the correct statements about Madhubani paintings :
A. To make these paintings, indigo, turmeric, colours from flowers and trees, etc, are used.
B. The paintings show human beings, animals, trees, flowers, birds, fish, etc.
C. It is a very old form of folk art and is named after the place Madhubani.
D. Madhubani is a well-known district of Rajasthan.

(a) A,C and D
(b) A,B and D
(c) B,C and D
(d) A,B and C

Q2. Study the following statements about Braille script :
I. Braille is written on a thick paper by making dots (raised points).
II. This script is based on eight points.
III. Rows of dots are made with a pointed tool.
IV. It is read by running the fingers on the raised dots.
The correct statements are

(a) I, III and IV
(b) I, II and IV
(c) II, III and IV
(d) I, II and III

Q3. ‘Cheraw dance’ belongs to which state?
(a) Manipur
(b) Meghalaya
(c) Mizoram
(d) Tripura

Q4. Men’s of Rajasthan wore –
(a) Safa
(b) Dastar
(c) Pheta
(d) Phiran

S1.Ans. (d)
Sol. Madhubani painting or Mithila painting is a style of Hindu Painting, practiced in the Mithila region of Nepal and in Indian States of Bihar. Painting is done with fingers, twigs, brushes, nib-pens, and matchsticks, using natural dyes and pigments, and is characterized by eye-catching geometrical patterns. Madhubani painting/Mithila painting was traditionally created by the women of the Brahman, Dusadh and Kayastha communities in Mithila region in Nepal and India. The Mithila region, from which the name Mithila art is derived, is believed to have been the kingdom of King Janak.

S2.Ans. (a)
Sol. Braille is a tactile writing system used by people who are blind and low vision. It is traditionally written with embossed paper. Braille-users can read computer screens and other electronic supports thanks to refreshable Braille displays. They can write Braille with the original slate and stylus or type it on a Braille writer, such as a portable Braille note-taker, or on a computer that prints with a Braille embosser. Academic texts are sometimes written in a script of six dots per cell enabling them encode a greater number of symbols.

S3.Ans. (c)
Sol. Cheraw is one of the oldest traditional dances in Mizoram. It is most popularly known as bamboo dance due to the use of bamboos. This dance is performed in most of their festivals and big occasions for instance when there is a substantial harvest of crop. It is also performed on marriage occasions.

S4.Ans. (a)
Sol. Men’s of Rajasthan wore Safa while Dastar is the dress of men’s in Punjab, Pheta is from Maharashtra/Mysore, Phiran is the dress of Kashmir.

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