Directions (1-9): Read each of the following passages and answer the questions given below it by selecting the most appropriate option.
It is difficult to reconcile the ideas of different schools of thought on the question of education. Some people maintain that pupils at school should concentrate on a narrow range of subjects, which will benefit them directly in their subsequent careers. Others contend that they should study a wide range of subjects, so that they have not only the specialized knowledge necessary for their chosen careers but also sound general knowledge about the world they will have to work and live in. Supporters of the first theory state that the greatest contributions to civilisation are made by those who are most expert in their trade or profession. Those on the other side say that, unless they have a broad general education, the experts will be too narrow in their outlook to have sympathy with their fellows or a proper sense of responsibility towards humanity as a whole.
Q1. ‘Schools of thought’ can be explained as
(a) groups of people whose job is to think
(b) groups of people who are schooled to think
(c) groups of people who study in a particular school thoughtfully
(d) groups of people having the same ideas but with different perception on a particular subject
Q2. Broad general knowledge is necessary because
(a) specialization is incomplete without it
(b) without it no one would get a job
(c) it teaches us about different things
(d) it broadens one’s outlook
Q3. The idea of the first school of thought in the passage is that
(a) students should concentrate on studies
(b) students should not undertake any specialized work
(c) students should study all the subjects they want to
(d) students should study a few subjects that will help them in their profession
Q4. Supporters of the first theory say that
(a) experts have contributed most to progress in the modern world
(b) people with general knowledge have contributed to civilization
(c) experts have done nothing to help mankind
(d) people with general knowledge are more useful than experts
Q5. According to the second school of thought, education will not be very effective if pupils
(a) have inadequate knowledge of their own work
(b) do not have a wide general education
(c) ignore the study of fine arts
(d) have nothing but general knowledge
Q6. Which is similar in meaning to the word ‘subsequent’
(a) going along
(b) waiting eagerly
(c) happening after something else
Q7. ‘Contend’ in the passage means
Q8. ‘Unless’ in the passage is used as
Q9. Pick out a word from the passage, that means ‘to find a way of dealing with two or more things’.
Q10. In the following question, an idiom or proverb has been bold. Choose its correct meaning in the given context from the alternatives given below.
She knew that the best way to get into hot water was to anger her boss.
(a) to enter water heated by the sun
(b) to have hot water
(c) to be confused
(d) to get into trouble