Q1. Accommodation, according to Piaget’s cognitive development theory, means
(a) arrangement of perceptual and cognitive information into meaningful patterns
(b) equilibrium between previous knowledge and new knowledge
(c) adjusting to new ways of behaving and thinking by modifying exiting cognitive structures
(d) Finding the matching between existing cognitive structures and the environmental needs as they arise
Q2. With reference to Piaget’s key ideas, the realization that objects or sets of objects stay the same even when they are turned around or made to look different is defined as
(c) class inclusion
Q3. In which of the following stages of development do individuals first develop great love of exploring and wandering?
(b) Late Adolescence
(c) Later childhood
Q4. In constructivism, as followed by Piaget,
(a) education is behaviourist in nature
(b) children participate passively in learning
(c) education is teacher-centred
(d) education is child – centred
Q5. Which of the following is not stated in Piaget’s theory of cognitive development?
(a) Children go through a series of stages of development
(b) Children acquire new skills in these development stages that are without limits to what they can learn
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Q6. When Sonu was 6 month played with a teddy bear, but when his view of the bear was blocked (i.e. he could not see the bear), he did not look for it. Now Sonu is 18 months old and searches for the teddy bear when he cannot see it.
This shows in Sonu the presence of the quality of
(c) Self – differentiation
(d) object permanence
Q7. Which one of the following is not a basic feature of pre-operational period, according to Piaget?
(c) meta cognition
Q8. According to Piaget, during the first stage of development (birth to about 2 years age), a child learns best
(a) by comprehending neutral words
(b) by thinking in an abstract fashion
(c) by applying newly acquired
(d) by using the senses
Q9. According to Piaget’s cognitive theory of learning, the process by which the cognitive structure is modified is called
Q10. The stage of cognitive development according to Piaget, in which a child displays ‘object permanence’ is
(a) concrete operational stage
(b) formal operational stage
(c) sensori – motor stage
(d) pre – operational stage
Sol. Accommodation is a term developed by psychologist Jean Piaget to describe what occurs when new information or experiences cause you to modify your existing schemas.
Sol. Conservation is the understanding that something stays the same in quantity even though its appearance changes. To be more technical conservation is the ability to understand that redistributing material does not affect its mass, number, volume or length.
Sol. Object permanence means knowing that an object still exists, even if it is hidden. It requires the ability to form a mental representation (i.e. a schema) of the object.
Sol. Centration is the tendency to focus on only one aspect of a situation at one time. When a child can focus on more than one aspect of a situation at the same time they have the ability to decenter.
Conservation is the understanding that something stays the same in quantity even though its appearance changes.
When a child can focus on more than one aspect of a situation at the same time they have the ability to decenter.
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